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Black American Studies: Juneteenth


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What is Juneteenth?

"Juneteenth, an annual holiday commemorating the end of slavery in the United States, has been celebrated by African-Americans since the late 1800s.  On June 19, 1865, about two months after the Confederate general Robert E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox, Va., Gordon Granger, a Union general, arrived in Galveston, Texas, to inform enslaved African-Americans of their freedom and that the Civil War had ended. General Granger’s announcement put into effect the Emancipation Proclamation, which had been issued more than two and a half years earlier on Jan. 1, 1863, by President Abraham Lincoln. The holiday received its name by combining June and 19. The day is also sometimes called 'Juneteenth Independence Day,' 'Freedom Day' or 'Emancipation Day.'"

--Derrick Bryson Taylor, What is Juneteenth?The New York Times

The Juneteenth flag is full of symbols. Here’s what they mean (click flag!)

Thank you!

To the Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences Libraries for using these excellent resources from it's Juneteenth LibGuide.

Online Resources